Apple phones are made in a variety of locations around the world, including the United States, China, and Brazil. While most of the company’s manufacturing takes place in China, Apple also has assembly plants in other countries in order to meet demand and reduce shipping costs.
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The Foxconn Factory in China
Apple phones are made in the Foxconn factory in China. The factory is located in Shenzhen, China. Foxconn is a Taiwanese electronics company that is the world’s largest contract manufacturer. The factory employs over 1.2 million workers.
Foxconn, the Taiwanese electronics manufacturer that assembles iPhones and iPads for Apple in its Chinese factories, has been in the news a lot lately. First, there were reports of suicides at the company’s plants. Then, there were reports of a strike by workers who were upset about increased production quotas.
Now, there are reports of even more troubling working conditions at Foxconn. According to a new investigation by the Fair Labor Association (FLA), a monitoring group that Apple hired to look into conditions at its suppliers’ factories, workers at Foxconn are putting in excessive overtime hours – sometimes seven days a week – and are not being given proper rest breaks.
Apple has said that it is committed to improving conditions at its suppliers’ factories, and it has put in place some new policies, such as limiting the amount of overtime that workers can do. But according to the FLA’s report, these policies are not being properly enforced.
The report also found that workers at Foxconn are often afraid to speak up about their working conditions for fear of losing their jobs. This is a problem that Apple will need to address if it wants to truly improve conditions at its suppliers’ factories.
The factory has been criticized for a number of environmental issues. In 2010, the group Greenpeace released a report detailing the risky practices undertaken by the factory in the manufacture apple products The report claimed that the factory was putting workers and local residents at risk by exposing them to toxic chemicals used in the manufacturing process.
In response to these allegations, Apple conducted its own investigation and found that some of the Greenpeace claims were true. As a result, Apple implemented a number of reforms at the factory, including increasing ventilation and providing workers with better protective gear. However, some observers have criticized these measures as inadequate and continue to call on Apple to do more to ensure the safety of its workers and the local environment.
The Pegatron Factory in China
Pegatron is a Taiwanese multinational electronics contract manufacturer. Pegatron’s main factory is located in Shanghai, China, and it also has several other factories in Taiwan. The company employs around 140,000 people, most of whom are located in China. Pegatron assembles a variety of electronics products for Apple, including the iPhone.
Pegatron has been criticized in the past for its working conditions. In 2010, a BBC Panorama documentary uncovered poor working conditions at an Apple supplier factory in Suqian, China. The documentary found that workers were living in crowded dormitories and being paid below minimum wage. It also found that workers were required to work excessive overtime and that children as young as 14 were employed.
Following the broadcast of the documentary, Apple announced that it would investigate the claims and make changes to improve conditions if necessary. Pegatron also conducted its own investigation and promised to make improvements. However, a 2012 report by the Fair Labor Association (FLA) found that Pegatron was still not complying with Chinese law or Apple’s own standards on working hours and overtime pay.
In 2013, another round of media reports claimed that Pegatron was employing underage workers and forcing employees to work excessive overtime. Apple launched another investigation and announced that it had found no evidence of underage workers at Pegatron but had discovered some violations of its code of conduct on working hours. Following these reports, Pegatron announced plans to improve compliance with labor regulations.
Pegatron has been criticized in the past for a variety of environmental issues. In 2010, the company was included on the “List of Companies squarely in Greenpeace’s Sights” for their hazardous waste disposal practices. China’s State Environmental Protection Administration found that Pegatron had disposed of wastewater containing hexavalent chromium without a proper license. Pegatron was also discovered to have illegally dumped sludge containing “a variety of toxic heavy metals” into a local waterway.
In 2012, an audit conducted by the Fair Labor Association revealed that Pegatron was violating a number of labor laws at its factories in China. The FLA found that Pegatron was making workers work excessive overtime hours, as well as employing underage workers. The audit also revealed that Pegatron was not providing proper safety training to its workers, and that workers were being exposed to hazardous chemicals without proper protection.
Pegatron has taken steps to improve its environmental and labor practices in recent years. In 2016, the company announced that it had achieved zero-waste-to-landfill status at its manufacturing facilities. And in 2017, Pegatron committed to reducing emissions from its factories by 30% by 2020.
The Wistron Factory in India
When the BBC visited the Wistron factory in India, they found workers who were forced to work excessive hours for very little pay. Some workers said they had to work 18-hour shifts, and one worker said he had worked for 24 hours straight. Another worker said that he was only given one day off per month.
The workers also said that they were not given proper safety equipment, and that the factory was not clean. One worker said she had cut her hand on a sharp object, but was not given any first aid.
The BBC also spoke to several people who had been arrested after protesting against the working conditions at the factory. One man said he was held in a cell with 20 other people, and that they were not given any food or water.
The Wistron factory in India has been the source of controversy for years, due to the factory’s poor working conditions and the environmental issues surrounding it.
In 2010, the factory was accused of not providing adequate safety equipment or training to its workers, which led to a number of accidents.
The factory was also accused of dumping toxic waste in a local river, which led to a major environmental disaster.
In 2016, the factory was again in the news when it was revealed that workers were paid as little as $1 an hour and were forced to work up to 20 hours a day.
The Wistron factory in India is one of the many factories where Apple phones are made.
The Final Assembly Plants
Apple products are designed in California and then manufactured all over the world. The final assembly of the iPhone, for example, takes place in China. But that’s not the whole story. To understand where Apple phones are made, you have to understand the global supply chain.
The United States
Apple has two final assembly plants in the United States. The first is located in Elk Grove, California, and the second is located in Austin, Texas. Each of these plants is responsible for assembling a certain number of Apple’s products, including the iPhone.
Both of these plants are owned by Apple’s manufacturing partners, and each employs several thousand workers. However, it should be noted that the vast majority of the components that go into an iPhone are actually manufactured elsewhere. For example, the A13 processor that powers the iPhone 11 is manufactured by TSMC, a Taiwanese company. Similarly, Samsung, a Korean company, manufactures the OLED display panels used in some of Apple’s iPhones.
All of the iPhones that are sold in Brazil are Assembled in Foxconn’s factory in Jundiaí, São Paulo.
Apple’s European manufacturing plant is located in Cork, Ireland. The facility, which is operated by Apple’s contractor Quanta Computer, employs about 4,000 people.
The Cork plant has been critical to the success of the iPhone and iPad. In 2010, for example, production of the iPad was temporarily halted when workers at the Cork factory went on strike. The dispute was quickly resolved, but it highlights the importance of the Irish facility to Apple’s operations.
In addition to iPhones and iPads, the Cork plant also manufactures iMacs and MacBooks.
China is where the vast majority of Apple phones are made. Apple contracted with Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. — doing business as Foxconn — to assemble its iPhones in China.
Foxconn is headquartered in Taiwan, but most of its factories are inland in mainland China, where labor is cheaper. The largest factory is in Zhengzhou, in Henan province, which employs about 350,000 people.
Foxconn has been criticized for the working conditions at its Chinese factories. A string of suicides among workers led to Foxconn installing anti-suicide netting around its buildings. And a 2010 report by the nonprofit group China Labor Watch accused the company of employing children and forcing employees to work excessive overtime hours.