Many people don’t know how easy it is to plant apple seeds. With a little care, you can grow your own apple tree from seed. Here’s how.
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Apple trees (Malus domestica) are a popular choice for home orchards. They are relatively easy to grow and maintain, and produce a crisp, refreshing fruit that can be eaten fresh or used in a variety of recipes. While it is possible to buy young apple trees from a nursery, it is also fun and rewarding to grow apple trees from seed. With a little patience, you can have your own apple tree in just a few years.
Follow the instructions below to learn how to plant apple seeds and care for your young tree as it grows.
What You’ll Need:
-Peat moss or coco coir
-Small pots or seedling trays
What You’ll Need
-a couple of apples
-a sharp knife
-a ziplock bag
-a planting pot
Step One: Choose Your Seeds
The first step to planting apple seeds is choosing the right seeds. You can get apple seeds from a variety of sources, including apple cores, applesauce, and store-bought seed packets. If you’re using apple cores or applesauce, be sure to clean the seeds and let them dry completely before planting.
Once you’ve chosen your seeds, it’s time to plant them. The best time to plant apple seeds is in the spring, after the last frost. If you’re planting more than one seed, space them about 2 inches apart.
Once you’ve planted your seeds, water them well and keep the soil moist. In 6-8 weeks, your seedlings should start to appear. When they reach about 6 inches tall, thin them out so that only the strongest seedling remains.
Step Two: Prepare the Seeds
If you have a fresh apple, you can remove the seeds and plant them immediately. If the apple is from the store, you’ll need to dry the seeds for a week or two before planting.
To dry the seeds, place them on a paper towel and set them in a warm, dry location. Check on the seeds every day or two, and when they are dried out, they will be ready to plant.
Step Three: Plant the Seeds
Now that you have your seeds, it’s time to plant them. Fill a small pot with potting soil, and make a small hole in the center. Take one seed and place it in the hole, then cover the hole with more soil. Repeat this process for each seed. Water your seeds generously, and place the pot in a warm, sunny spot. Keep the soil moist but not soggy, and in a few weeks you should see your seeds sprout.
Step Four: Water the Seeds
Water the seeds about once a week, keeping the soil moist but not soggy. The best way to water is to place the pot in a dish of water and let the water seep up from the bottom. Apple seeds need a humidity level of 50% to germinate, so you may need to place a humidifier near your planting.
Step Five: Wait for Germination
After about 3-4 weeks, you should start to see tiny apple seedlings poking through the soil. Once they’ve reached about 2-3 inches tall, it’s time to thin them out. Gently remove all but the strongest seedling in each pot, and transplant the rest into individual pots.
Step Six: Transplant the Seedlings
Now that your seedlings have some true leaves, it’s time to transplant them into their own pots. Gently remove the seedling from its germination pot, being careful not to disturb the roots. Plant the seedling in a 4-inch (10 cm) pot filled with sterile potting mix, and water well.
When transplanting, be sure to plant the seedling at the same depth it was growing in the germination pot. If you plant it too deeply, the stem may rot; if you plant it too shallowly, the roots may dry out. After transplanting, water your seedlings well and keep them in a bright location but out of direct sunlight. continuing care for your apple tree seedlings
Step Seven: Care for the Young Trees
Water the young trees regularly, especially during the first growing season. Apple trees need 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) of water per week. Deep watering is best, so that the roots grow deep and strong. Once the trees are established, they will be more drought-tolerant.
Assuming you have obtained apple seeds that have not been treated with any type of chemical (which would prevent them from germinating), and that you are planting them in an appropriate location with well-drained soil, you should start by soaking the seeds in water for 24 hours. This will help to break down the hard seed coat and encourage germination.
After soaking, plant the seeds about 1/2 inch deep in the soil. Water well and keep the soil moist. The seeds should germinate within 2-3 weeks. Once they have sprouted, thin them out so that only the strongest seedlings remain.