Did you know that you can grow your own apple trees from seed? It’s true! By following these simple instructions, you can enjoy fresh apples right from your own backyard.
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Growing apple trees from seed is not as difficult as it might seem at first. By following these simple steps, you can have your own apple tree in no time. All you need is a few apple seeds, some potting soil, and a little patience.
What you will need
In order to grow apple seeds, you will need the following items:
-Pot or container
Step One: Prepare the Seeds
The first step is to prepare the seeds. You will need a bowl, some water and a strainer. Place the seeds in the bowl and add water. Gently agitate the seeds and then wait for the good ones to sink to the bottom of the bowl. The bad seeds will float to the top. Seeds that have begun to germinate will also float because they have an air pocket inside. Discard the bad seeds and the floaters. Now you are left with only the good, viable apple seeds.
Step Two: Sow the Seeds
After you have extracted the seeds from the apple, it is time to sow them. You will need a pot or container filled with moistened potting mix or garden soil. Sow the seeds about ¼ inch (0.6 cm) deep and 2 inches (5 cm) apart. Gently firm the soil around each seed. Water well and place the pot in a warm location out of direct sunlight until germination occurs, which could take one to three weeks.
Step Three: Water the Seeds
This is the third and final step in the process of growing apple seeds. After planting the seeds, you will need to water them regularly. Depending on the type of soil you are using, you may need to water more or less frequently. You should also keep an eye on the weather forecast and water accordingly. If it is going to be a hot day, you will need to water more often.
Step Four: Place the Seeds in a Warm, Bright Location
Once your apple seeds have been cleaned and stratified, it’s time to plant them. Fill a planting tray or pot with a high-quality seed-starting mix, such as Fafard® Seed Starter Mix. Gently firm the mix and then make a small indentation in the center of each cell or pot. Place 2-3 seeds in each depression and then lightly cover them with more mix. Water the seeds in well.
Step Four: Place the Seeds in a Warm, Bright Location
Ideally, you should place your planting tray or pots in a location where they will receive bright light for at least 12 hours per day. A south-facing window is ideal, but if you do not have one available, you can also use grow lights. The temperature should be between 70-85°F for optimal germination (although some varieties may germinate at lower temperatures).
If you choose to start your apple seeds indoors, you will need to transplant them to larger pots once they have germinated and are large enough to handle. Transplant them into pots that are at least 3-4 inches wide and filled with high-quality potting soil before moving them outdoors in late spring or early summer.
Step Five: Thin the Seedlings
Once the seedlings are a few inches tall and have several sets of leaves, you will need to thin them out. This means removing all but the strongest and healthiest seedling from each pot. To do this, simply cut off the unwanted seedlings at the soil line with a sharp knife or pair of scissors. Don’t pull them up as this can damage the roots of the remaining seedlings.
Step Six: Transplant the Seedlings
The next step is to transplant the seedlings. You will need to carefully dig up the seedlings, being careful not to damage the roots. transplant them into larger pots filled with potting mix. Water them well and keep them in a sunny spot. fertilize them every couple of weeks with a half-strength solution of liquid fertilizer.
You can transplant the seedlings into your garden in late spring or early summer, after all danger of frost has passed. Choose a spot in your garden that gets full sun and has well-drained soil. Dig holes for the seedlings that are twice as wide as the root balls and just deep enough so that the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface. Fill in around the roots with soil and water well.
Step Seven: Fertilize the Seedlings
If you want to grow apple trees from seed, you have to start with fresh, mature apples from a local source. Once you have gathered your seeds, the next step is to stratify them. Stratification is a process of cold treatment that simulates winter conditions and breaks the seed dormancy so that it will germinate in the spring.
After stratification, the next step is to plant the seeds. You can plant them in pots filled with potting mix or sow them directly in your garden. If you plant them in pots, make sure to use a well-draining potting mix and plant the seeds 1/2 inch deep. When watering, be careful not to overwater as this can cause the seedlings to rot.
Once the seeds have germinated and there are several sets of true leaves on the seedlings, it is time to fertilize them. Use a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 at half strength and apply it every two weeks. Apply the fertilizer around the base of the plant, being careful not to get any on the leaves or stem as this can burn them.
Step Eight: water the Seedlings
Appleseeds need to be watered regularly, especially when they are first germinating. Be sure to keep the soil moist but not wet, as this can cause the seedlings to rot. Water them with a gentle spray, making sure to avoid getting the leaves wet.